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zarei doudeji S, bagheri R, jafari H. Identification of groundwater flow anomalous in the area of Neyriz Rizab Plain and determination of its probable cause. Journal of Engineering Geology 2024; 18 (1) :1-24
URL: http://jeg.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3115-en.html
1- Shahrood university of technology , s.zarei@shahroodut.ac.ir
2- Shahrood university of technology
Abstract:   (235 Views)
Groundwater resources in Iran are of particular importance due to the lack of surface water resources, lack of precipitation, high evaporation volume and recent droughts. The first step in identifying and exploiting groundwater resources is its quantitative and qualitative investigation. Neyriz watershed, located in the study area of ​​Qatroiye desert, has 17 piezometers, whose groundwater level has been recorded monthly during the statistical period of more than 12 years. Investigations of the groundwater level and the map of the flow lines show the anomaly of the flow in the south and southwest part of the aquifer, which shows the direction of the groundwater flow contrary to the direction of the topography of the area. In this research, an attempt was made to investigate the cause of this anomaly based on the available information, including piezometer drilling logs, aquifer quality data, and national statistical data. Based on the qualitative information of the aquifer, the electrical conductivity and chlorine values ​​of the groundwater increase in the direction of the topographic slope, which indicates the flow in the direction of the topographic slope. Qualitative charts of Piper, Schuler and Durov also confirm this issue. The level of groundwater in selected exploitation wells for qualitative sampling based on the information of the depth of groundwater in national statistics also indicates the flow in the direction of the topographic slope. Finally, a clay layer with a thickness of 10 to 30 meters was observed in the drilling log of the piezometers in the south and southwest of the aquifer. Examining all the results shows that the existing aquifer is probably a double-layered aquifer, where the flow direction in the upper layer is in the direction of the topographic slope and in the lower layer is against it, and the piezometers of the south and southwest parts penetrated the lower aquifer. In order to confirm the desired hypothesis, it is suggested to carry out geophysical studies in the area or to dig exploratory wells.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Hydrogeology
Received: 2024/03/31 | Accepted: 2024/06/16 | Published: 2024/06/20

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