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2021, 14(4): 729-748 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Hole Inclination Effect on the Response of Holed Sandstone Rocks against Compressive Static and Tensile Dynamic Loads
Ali Akbar Moomeni *1, Ming Tao, Alireza Taleb Beydokhti
1- , ali_moomeni@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1504 Views)
Introduction
Shallow tunnels have a vital role in urban planning, railway and highway transportation lines. The presence of underground cavities can leads to stress concentration and consequently, instability of the spaces against static and especially dynamic loads. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of elliptical cavity and its inclination on sandstone rock behavior under compressive static and tensile dynamic loads. In order to evaluate the effect of the cavity under static stress conditions, two groups of intact and hole-bearing sandstone cores with 0, 30, 60, and 90 degrees of hole inclination were prepared and tested under uniaxial compressive loading test. During the test, in addition to the stress recording, damage and deformability of the samples were recorded by using the strain gauge, acoustic emission sensor and camera. Split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) test apparatus was used for doing dynamic loading test. Furthermore, the damage process was recorded using a high-speed camera with 10 micro-seconds interval of frame capability. The obtained results showed that presence of the cavity reduced the rock strength in maximum state (θ=0) up to 55% and in minimum state (θ=90) up to 77% of its initial uniaxial compressive strength. Dynamic tensile loading tests illustrate that the elliptical hole near the free end of sample (reflection boundary of compressive wave to tensile wave) is stable due to locating in superposition area, while the other cavity out of the area with each inclination was undergone to spalling failure. Assessment of failure surface using scanning electron microscope and thin section study indicates that the dominant fracture is grain-boundary type and iron oxide cement has a vital role in developing of this type of fracture.
 


 
Keywords: Sandstone, Elliptical hole, Stress concentration, Dynamic loading, Spalling failure.
Full-Text [PDF 1292 kb]   (325 Downloads)    
Type of Study: s | Subject: Geotecnic
Received: 2019/11/6 | Accepted: 2020/04/13 | Published: 2021/01/29
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Moomeni A A, Tao M, Taleb Beydokhti A. Evaluation of Hole Inclination Effect on the Response of Holed Sandstone Rocks against Compressive Static and Tensile Dynamic Loads. Journal of Engineering Geology. 2021; 14 (4) :729-748
URL: http://jeg.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2907-en.html


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Volume 14, Issue 4 (1-2021) Back to browse issues page
نشریه زمین شناسی مهندسی Journal of Engineering Geology
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