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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Vol. 10, No. 1 Spring 2016 2016) ::
2016, 10(1): 3351-3378 Back to browse issues page
The Assessment of Salt Weathering and Freeze-thaw Effect on Strength and Durability of Upper Red Formation Sandstones
Mh Ghobadi *1, R Babazadeh
1- , amirghobadi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3491 Views)
Strength and durability of sandstones and their influences from natural conditions, are the most important factors which should be considered as engineering materials. In this study, the effect of freeze-thaw and salt crystallization phenomena on strength and durability of upper red formation sandstones collected from southern part of Qazvin province was investigated. Nine specimens of sandstones (specified by A, B, C, CG, S, S1, Tr, Min and Sh) were collected from different part of studied area, then their physical and mechanical characteristics were determined. In order to assessing the effect of freeze-thaw on physical and mechanical characteristics of sandstones, 60 cycles of freeze-thaw test was performed. Also in order to investigate the effect of salt crystallization on strength of studied sandstone, sodium sulphate crystallization test (100% weight solution of Na2SO4) was carried out in 20 cycles. Physical and mechanical characteristics of sandstones such as point load index, Brazilian tensile strength, wave velocity (Vp) and weight loss were computed after different cycles. To evaluate the effect of freeze-thaw and salt crystallization phenomena on durability of sandstones, slake durability test was conducted on specimens subjected to mentioned processes and changes occurred in slake durability index in 15 cycles were investigated. Based on results obtained from current study, it could be concluded that in comparison to freeze-thaw, salt crystallization can considerably reduce the strength and durability of sandstones and deteriorate them. Also it was found that index tests such as point load index, Brazilian tensile strength, wave velocity (Vp) and weight loss can predict the behavior of sandstones in different cycles of freeze-thaw and salt crystallization tests.
Keywords: Sandstone, Upper Red Formation, Freeze-thaw, Salt weathering, Durability.
Full-Text [PDF 1142 kb]   (2054 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Geotecnic
Received: 2017/07/11 | Accepted: 2017/07/11 | Published: 2017/07/11
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ghobadi M, Babazadeh R. The Assessment of Salt Weathering and Freeze-thaw Effect on Strength and Durability of Upper Red Formation Sandstones. Journal of Engineering Geology. 2016; 10 (1) :3351-3378
URL: http://jeg.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2663-en.html


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Volume 10, Issue 1 (Vol. 10, No. 1 Spring 2016 2016) Back to browse issues page
نشریه زمین شناسی مهندسی Journal of Engineering Geology
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