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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (Vol. 10, No. 3 Autumn2016 2017) ::
2017, 10(3): 3628-3648 Back to browse issues page
Parametric analysis of Bakhtiary dam crest access spiral tunnel behaviuor using numerical method (FLAC3D software)
Abstract:   (4803 Views)

The Bakhtiari dam has located on Bakhtiari River in province of Lorestan. In order to access the crest of the dam, the excavation of a spiral tunnel is being studied. There are other access tunnels which are branched from this tunnel in different levels and are connected to grout galleries. According to the fact that this tunnel will also be used during the operation of the dam,The correct determination of mechanical parameters of rock masses for tunnel design and stability Analysis is very important. In order to analyse the stability of the underground rock structures, the mechanical and engineering parameters of the rock mass must be known. Accurate rock mass properties can only be obtained from large in situ tests. Such tests are seldom carried out as they are very expensive and time consuming. Sensitivity analysis of parameters can be applied for the optimisation of testing schemes. Sensitivity analysis helps to avoid mistakes due to subjective conjecture. In this article, after the introduction of regional geology and determination critical section on the tunnel path, the mechanical parameters of the rock mass surrounding the tunnel are modelled and analyzed by using FLAC3D software (numerical finite difference method). Parameters conducted in the analysis include the elasticity modulus (E), cohesion of the rock mass (C), friction angle (ϕ), coefficient of lateral stress (K) and tensile strength (&sigmat). Ultimately, according to the result of numerical modelling and parametric analysis, parameters affecting the stability are prioritized. The result of analysis showed that in this project, tensile strength of the rock mass does not affect the stability of the tunnel, and Also, in order of priority, E, ϕ, C, k parameters are important in design. The amount of field tests for rock parameters can be rationalised according to their sensitivity factors.

Keywords: Bakhtiari dam, Spiral tunnel, FLAC3D, Finite difference, Parametric analysis
Full-Text [PDF 769 kb]   (1451 Downloads)    
Type of Study: s | Subject: Geotecnic
Accepted: 2016/06/8 | Published: 2016/06/8
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Parametric analysis of Bakhtiary dam crest access spiral tunnel behaviuor using numerical method (FLAC3D software). Journal of Engineering Geology. 2017; 10 (3) :3628-3648
URL: http://jeg.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2462-en.html

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Volume 10, Issue 3 (Vol. 10, No. 3 Autumn2016 2017) Back to browse issues page
نشریه زمین شناسی مهندسی Journal of Engineering Geology
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