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JEG 2020, 13(5): 121-146 Back to browse issues page
A Comparative Study of the Seismic Response of Soil-Nailed Walls under the Effect of Near-fault and Far-fault Ground Motions
Maryam Mokhtari *1, Kazem Barkhordari2, Saeid Abbasi Karafshani
1- Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Yazd University , mokhtari@yazd.ac.ir
2- Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Yazd University
Abstract:   (670 Views)
In recent years, with the growing use of the nailing method for stabilizing excavation walls, there has been a need for a comprehensive investigation of the behavior of this method. In the  previous studies, the behavior of nailed walls has been investigated in static and dynamic states and under different conditions. However, due to the different feature of near-field ground motions, it is  necessary to study the effect of these motions on the behavior of the nailed walls. Near-fault ground motion is significantly affected by the earthquake record direction and the rupture mechanism. So, in this study, to compare the effects of near-field and far-field ground motions, a two-dimensional (2D) soil- nailed wall was considered. PLAXIS 2D was used for the modeling of the soil-nailed wall system. An excavation with a dimension of 10 meters in height was taken into the account. In this study, 10 records (Five fault-normal near-field ground motion records and five far-field ground motion records), were recorded  on the rock and  applied to the model. These ground motion records were derived from the near-fault ground motion record set used by Baker. These records were scaled to the Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) of 0.35g and then applied to the bottom of the finite element models. Mohr-Coulomb model was then used to describe the soil behavior, and Elasto-plastic model was employed for the nails. A damping ratio of 0.05 was considered at the fundamental periods of the soil layer. The results showed that the  generated values of bending moment, shear force and axial force in nails under the effect of the near-fault ground motions were  more than those in the far-ault ground motions. These values were  almost equal to 23% for the maximum bending moment, 30% for the  shear force,  and 22% for the axial force. The created displacement under the effect of near-fault ground motions was  more than that in the far-fault since a higher energy was  applied to the model in the near-field ground motions during a short time (pulse-like ground motions). In contrast, in the far-fault ground motions, due to the more uniform distribution of energy during the record, such pulse-like displacements were not observed in the system response. Increasing in nail length and soil densification, decreases the displacement of the soil-nailed wall but does not change the general behavior of the soil under the effect of near-field ground motions. Based on the obtained results, for a constant PGA, there were  positive correlations between the values of the  maximum displacement on the top of the wall and  the PGV values of near-fault ground motion records. However, the mentioned correlations were  not observed in the case of far-fault ground motions.

Keywords: Soil-nailed walls, Near-fault Ground Motions, Finite element method, PLAXIS2D, Numerical modeling
Full-Text [PDF 1038 kb]   (170 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Manuscript | Subject: Geotecnic
Received: 2018/06/26 | Accepted: 2019/02/2 | Published: 2020/06/9
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Mokhtari M, Barkhordari K, Abbasi Karafshani S. A Comparative Study of the Seismic Response of Soil-Nailed Walls under the Effect of Near-fault and Far-fault Ground Motions. JEG. 2020; 13 (5) :121-146
URL: http://jeg.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2791-en.html

Volume 13, Issue 5 (English article specials 2020) Back to browse issues page
نشریه زمین شناسی مهندسی Journal of Engineering Geology
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